The Socialist Republic of Viet Nam lies on the eastern part of the Indochinese peninsula, Vietnam is a strip of land shaped like the letter “S”. China borders it to the North, Laos and Cambodia to the West, the East Sea to the East and the Pacific Ocean to the East and South.
The country’s total length from north to south is 1,650km. Its width, stretching from East to West, is 600km at the widest point in the north, 400km in the South, and 50km at the narrowest part, in the centre, in Quang Binh Province. The coastline is 3,260km long and the inland border is 4,510km.
Latitude: 102º 08' - 109º 28' east
Longitude: 8º 02' - 23º 23' north
Vietnam is also a transport junction from the Indian Ocean to the Pacific Ocean.
Mainland Territory: 331,211.6 sq. km
Population: 85,789.6 thousand inhabitants (Apr. 2009)
National Capital: Ha Noi
Climate: Vietnam lies in the tropics and and is affected by the monsoon
Topography: Three quarters of Vietnam's territory consists of mountains and hills
Administrative Units: Vietnam is divided into 63 provinces and cities
Phu Yen Province is situated in the South-Central Coast. Phu Yen shares borders with Binh Dinh Province on the North, Khanh Hoa province on the South, Dak Lak and Gia Lai provinces on the West and East Sea on the East. The terrain is divided into two main areas including mountain, hill, plain and more than 100 kilometers of coast. Phu Yen has a wide veriety of landscapes: forests, sea, river, lagoons, bays such as Cu Mong, Xuan Dai Bay, Vung Ro Port, Ba, Ky Lo and Ban Thach rivers. Phu Yen is proud of Da Rang Bridge, the longest in Central Viet Nam.
Area: 5,060.6 sq. km.
Population: 873.3 thousand habitants (2006)
Capital: Tuy Hoa City.
Districts: Dong Xuan, Song Cau, Tuy An, Son Hoa, Tay Hoa, Dong Hoa, Song Hinh, Phu Hoa.
Ethnic groups: Viet (Kinh), Cham, Ba Na, E De.
Xuan Dai Bay
Xuan Dai Bay is about 45 kilometers to the north of Tuy Hoa city. The National Highway 1A runs along the western bank of Xuan Dai Bay, to the north and to the south. On arriving at the top of Doc Gang pass, visitors can enjoy a view of Xuan Dai Bay. Boats and ships enter the estuary and exit from the ports of Dan Phuoc, Tien Chau and Nhat Tu Son. Some will take you on a sightseeing tour around the entire bay.
Xuan Dai Bay has witnessed a lot of historic events. In the years between 1775 and 1801, there were sea-battles between the Tay Son army and the Nguyen Dynasty. During World War Two, the Japanese naval vessel was sunk in the middle of Xuan Dai Bay by allied war planes. Vung Lam Bay used to be the most busiest trading port in Phu Yen, the door which connected Phu Yen to the outside trading world.
The scenery of the sea, the mountains, the sky and the clouds of Xuan Dai Bay together with the famous special foods here such as jumping oysters, perfume snails, shrimps…
Da Dia Reef
A long the coastline of Vietnam, there are many rock reefs, but perhaps the most original and charming of all is Da Dia Reef in An Ninh Dong commune, Tuy An district, Phu Yen province. This place is about over 40 km from Tuy Hoa city and around11 km from Chi Thanh district town in the east.
Da Dia Reef is of 50 meters wide and stretches for more than 200 meters. This is a very rare landscape. The rocks here are vertically arranged into columns, well - jointed to each other, with hexahedral or round shapes like dishes laying on top of one another therefore it has the name of Rock-Dish Reef.
According to the result of a geological research, the rocks in Da Dia Reef is a kind of Basalt formed by a volcanic eruption around 200 million years ago. The lava from the volcano suddenly became frozen in the sea water simultaneously the internal force caused the cracking of that whole lava block in all directions, making the rock columns cut into pieces.
Next to Da Dia Reef, there is a sandy beach of about 3 km long. The sand here is white, clean and smooth, the water is clear and blue and very suitable for an ideal marine resort. The scenery here still keeps its isolated beauty and the pure environment. Da Dia Reef is certainly unforgettable for any visitor on seeing it.
Da Dia Reef was recognized by the Ministry of Culture and Information as the National Level Landscape Vestiges on January 23rd 1997.
Mui Dien Lighthouse
Like Lung Cu in Ha Giang Province at Vietnam’s northernmost point and Dat Mui in Ca Mau Province at the most southern, Mui Dien in Phu Yen Province is the most easterly part of the country for tourists. The top of the 26 meter lighthouse is the first place in Vietnam to catch the rays of the sun at dawn.
Mui Dien or Dai Lanh Lighthouse is located in Tan Phuoc Hamlet, Hoa Tam Commune, Tuy Hoa District, Phu Yen Province. From the main street, go to beautiful Bai Mon Beach for bathing and snorkelling the coral reefs, then go up the path to the lighthouse.
It was built in 1890 with 107 steps inside. From the top the fishing boats look like toys floating on the ocean.
Tuy Hoa city is the capital city of Phu Yen province, which is situated in the south-central Vietnam. The city has the total area of 107 km2 and the population of 262 000 (in 2008). It lies to the east of Phu Yen province with a coastline of over 10km long. It is the center for commerce, services and transportation of Phu Yen. It also has the most crowded population in the province. Tuy Hoa city comprises a total area of 65 km2 with many scenic beauty spots such as Da Rang River and Nhan Tower, which constitute a well-known tourist attraction. Besides, there are several other attractions such as Gio Chieu tourist site, Da Ban tourist site, Chop Chai Mountain, Tuy Hoa beach and beautiful paddy fields. Additionally, you can also visit a system of pagodas namely Ho Son, Hoa Son, Minh Son, Khanh Son, Bao Tinh, Bao Lam, Kim Cang.
Chop Chai Mountain
Chop Chai Mountain is a lone, high hill to the north of town, visible from miles and miles away. There's a huge radio antenna at the top, and in fact, that's the only reason there's a road leading up there. It's not touted as a tourist destination, and there are no facilities once you reach the summit. There are, however, some of the most mind-boggling views of the surrounding countryside you're likely to see without a helicopter. From the top you can see the beach, and the wide, crescent-shaped sand bar that encircles the town beneath the water. The sight of the patchwork of rice-fields, with the rivers of the delta snaking through them, is jaw-dropping.
To get here, continue on Highway 1A north past the bus station a kilometre or so until you see the big white Buddha on the left (you can't miss it). Continue 400 metres, and there's a road on the left. It's paved, though a bit rough in spots, and it leads to a 3.5 km switch-back road up the mountain -- a decent street bike will have no problem, but you'll definitely use first gear in spots. Once you get to the top, you can park and look to the east, but the rest of the area is dominated by the radio tower and you're not allowed to enter to get views in other directions.
Nhan Tower was built near Nhan Mountain, on the northern bank of the Da Rang River, close to National Highway 1, in Tuy Hoa. With the Da Rang River, it is the sympol of Tuy Hoa City. This was a place of worship for the Cham people dated in the late 11th to the early 12th centuries. The four story tower has a pyramidal shape. It is 25m high and each side of its base is 11m long. The middle gate, topped with a monstrous head, harmoniously combines the pyramidal symbol with the linga symbol of Cham worship. During the French colonial period, the tower was nearly ruined. At the end of 1960, however, it was rebuilt by the administration of Diem's regime. Today, what remains from the original construction is a 1.30m-high flat stone with a lotus flower carved at the base. At the foot of Nhan Mountain, there is also a square shaped rock with 5m sides, on which there were three ancient characters.